So, last night was supposed to be something different; a new friend was going to take me on a surprise tour of four unknown statues within DC, with hot cider/chocolate/brandy stops in between. Well, we only saw one statue from a distance, and the cold and the need for actual food, as well as a discussion about politics, shortened the evening considerably. But I still needed my adventure of the week. So this morning I decided to go see the five statues of Lafayette Square, which borders the White House, and figure out who these guys were. It was a nice little adventure – as the day was about 20 degrees warmer than last night. And because I could squeeze it in during my lunch hour at work.
(As I said in the rules, some weeks will be short little adventures because of deadlines – others a bigger deal. Soon, some bigger ones.)
So – the main statue of Lafayette Square. You would think this would be of Major General Marquis Gilbert de Lafayette, but no, the statue for Andrew Jackson (U.S. President, 1829–1837) was smack in the middle of the park. Although the park was named after Lafayette in 1824, the first statue actually erected was Jackson’s in 1853. Andrew, and his four cannons, are in the prime line of sight from the White House. One wonders if it was meant to inspire warrior-like intentions in Presidents. I’d prefer a giant dove of peace. Or a person hugging a tree.
The other four statues turn out to be for foreign generals and gentleman who served in the American Revolution. (sources: Wikipedia and other top 5 Google results),
Lafayette’s statue is on the southeast corner of the square, and was erected in 1891 to honor the former Marquis de La Fayette (aka Marie-Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert du Motier), who volunteered (serving as a General) in the American Revolution, helped bring in French support for our revolution, and then helped encourage countries, including France, to become democracies; thus he became the Hero of the Two Worlds. After being jailed in France after their revolution, released by Napoleon, serving and then declining many roles in France, he later took a rock star tour of the U.S. and had many landmarks named after him.
In the southwest corner is a statue of Major General Comte Jean de Rochambeau – another French nobleman, but this one sent by France with his regiment to help during the American Revolution. Rochambeau later went back and served in the French revolution. The statue was a gift from France to the U.S. in 1902, to signify friendship between the two countries. Rochambeau’s hand is pointing because apparently the British commander General O’Hara attempted to surrender to Rochambeau during the American Revolution, and Rochambeau pointed instead towards George Washington. I gathered this from a 1902 New York Times article, which also contains the very long speeches given during the unveiling.
The northeast corner of the park holds the statue of Brigadier General Thaddeus Kosciuszko, erected 1910. A friend of Thomas Jefferson’s, from Poland, he served as a colonel in the revolutionary war. He was promoted later after he designed West Point. In Poland, he led the Kościuszko Uprising, was captured and later pardoned, and he then returned to the U.S. Later, he wanted to return to Poland for family and a political emergency, and apparently Thomas Jefferson procured him a false passport to do so [! – needs confirming]. In his later days, he tried to leave in his will money to free and educate former slaves. Finally, after three times at the U.S. Supreme Court, the money went to an educational institution in New Jersey for African-Americans. Btw – I have never seen a bushy mustache on a statue before. Kudos to Polish artist Antoni Popiel.
In the northwest corner is the 1910 statue of Major General Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben. Also known as Baron von Stueben, he was from Prussia and initially served in the Revolutionary war as a volunteer without pay. He wrote the Revolutionary War Drill Manual, a standard U.S. military manual until 1812. He also organized how camps were laid out – so that kitchens and latrines weren’t next to each other, for instance. A very useful guy to have on our side. According to Wikipedia, Steuben spoke little English and would yell to his translator, “Over here! Swear at him for me!“ He settled in the U.S., went in debt a lot, but was given an estate, and he then lived a relatively modest life. Today, a number of U.S. cities (Chicago, for instance) have von Steuben day as part of German heritage celebrations, including von Steuben parades (http://www.germanparadenyc.org/).
I never knew. Cool.
P.S. Dad, here is a picture of houses surrounding Lafayette Square – it has changed from the neighborhood you saw when you worked in DC!